Different Kinds of Teeth

There are four types of teeth. Each type is designed to
perform a specialized task:

These are the front teeth. Their task is to cut food

Designed to tear food. They are located in the corners of the mouth

Located just behind your canine teeth. Their chewing surfaces are flat for mashing food into small pieces

With their broader chewing surface, molars do a better job at mashing and grinding food than the premolars. They are located behind the premolars

Root Anatomy of Your Teeth


Maxilla refers to the upper jaw that holds the upper teeth. It actually consists of
two halves — one on each side of the skull. They are fused together in the center
to form the upper jaw.


Mandible refers to the lower jaw that holds the lower teeth. Like the maxilla,
the mandible also consists of two halves. They are fused together to form the
lower jaw.

Tooth Anatomy






Pulp chamber

Periodontal fibers


How Tooth Decay Develops

Plaque plus food particles produces acid. This acid coming in contact
with the tooth enamel creates a condition called “white spot.” At
this stage, the damage can still be reversed with proper oral care and use of
fluoride. However, if left unchecked, white spot will quickly develop into a cavity.

  • Cavity


    Plaque is a bacteria-laden, soft, viscous substance that clings on your teeth. Inadequate oral hygiene causes plaque buildup leading to tooth decay and serious gum problems.

  • Cavity

    White Spot (Onset of decay)

    The presence of food in the mouth immediately initiates acidic plaque formation. Acidic plaque will eat away tooth enamel and produce white spot or early stage of decay.

    Fluoride not only prevents white spot from becoming a cavity, it is actually able to reverse damage caused by plaque during this early stage.

  • Cavity

    Cavities (Tooth Decay)

    When left unchecked, plaque
    will eventually eat through the layer of
    enamel, forming a cavity.

    When cavity has advanced to a great
    degree, no amount of fluoride can help
    you. Only your dentist can fix cavities.

Advance Tooth Decay(Diagram)

  • - Plaque acid dissolves enamel
  • - Decay penetrates dentin
  • - Pulp chamber
  • - Abscess

When decay has advanced into the pulp chamber, swelling occurs.
It is a painful condition that ultimately leads to an abscess.

How Gum Disease Develops

  • Cavity

    Healthy Gums

    The gums are firmly holding the tooth in place.
    Healthy gums have a healthy pink color.

  • Cavity


    Bacterial plaque attacks the gums causing inflammation and bleeding. When left untreated, plaque may solidify to become tartar (calculus).

    Proper oral care coupled with regular dental visits can reverse gingivitis and arrest bone loss.

  • Cavity


    The fibers of the inflamed tissue begins to break
    down. This causes gum tissue to recede from the
    tooth. At the same time, the periodontal bone will also
    gradually disappear.

    With no gum and bone to support it, the tooth simply
    falls out.

Gum Diseases (Diagram)

Gum Diseases (Diagram)

  • Swollen gums
  • Pocket (6-7mm)
  • Plaque
  • Healthy bone level
  • Loss of periodontal fibers
  • Loss of bone

Non-surgical Gum Treatment Options

  • Cavity

    Ultrasonic scaling

    Ultrasonic scaling creates vibration that destroys bacterial cells underneath the gumline. The device also dislodges tartar and other harmful deposits from the tooth.

  • Cavity


    A deep cleaning procedure that removes
    dental plaque and tartar from teeth.

  • Cavity

    Root Planing and Curettage

    The procedure smoothens out rough
    surfaces of the root. It also scrapes
    away the unhealthy gum lining,
    encouraging rapid healing.

Post Treatment-Restored Gum health

  • Gingivitis

    Treatment results in completely
    healed and healthy gumline..

  • Periodontal disease

    Periodontitis can permanently destroy gum tissue and the bone holding your tooth in place.

Proper Hygiene for Teeth and Gums

Four areas of focus when brushing or cleaning teeth:

  • Inner Surface

    Inner surfaces

  • Inner Surface

    Outer surfaces

  • Inner Surface

    Chewing surfaces

  • Inner Surface

    Between teeth

Brush the inner, outer and chewing surfaces of teeth. Pay extra attention on the
inner surfaces. This area is most susceptible to plaque buildup.

Brush in a 45 degree angle using tiny vertical or circular motions.
Use a gentle scrubbing back and forth motion when cleaning the chewing surfaces.

Floss areas between teeth as they are hard to reach with your toothbrush.

Dental professionals recommend brushing twice and flossing once
a day for optimal oral hygiene.

Keeping your Teeth Healthy

  • Cavity

    Eat a balanced diet

    Avoid eating between meals
    as much as possible

  • Cavity

    Brush two times a day,
    preferably with a toothpaste
    containing fluoride

  • Cavity

    Floss every day to remove
    trapped food particles and
    plaque from between teeth

  • Cavity

    Visit your dentist regularly